Changes between Version 4 and Version 5 of TracInstall


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Timestamp:
Feb 26, 2008 5:40:00 PM (9 years ago)
Author:
trac
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  • TracInstall

    v4 v5  
    1 = Trac Installation Guide =
     1= Trac Installation Guide for 0.11 =
    22[[TracGuideToc]]
    33
    4 Trac is a lightweight project management tool that is implemented as a web-based application. Trac is written in the Python programming language and needs a database (either [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite], [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], or [http://mysql.com/ MySQL] works). For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://www.clearsilver.net/ ClearSilver] templating system.
     4  '''NOTE: this page is now for 0.11, which will be released soon. For installing previous Trac versions, please refer to wiki:0.10/TracInstall.'''
    55
    6 What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you can find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracInstallPlatforms TracInstallPlatforms] on the main Trac site, please be sure to first read through these general instructions to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
     6Trac is written in the Python programming language and needs a database, [http://sqlite.org/ SQLite], [http://www.postgresql.org/ PostgreSQL], or [http://mysql.com/ MySQL]. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the [http://genshi.edgewall.org Genshi] templating system.
    77
    8 == Requirements ==
     8What follows are generic instructions for installing and setting up Trac and its requirements. While you can find instructions for installing Trac on specific systems at TracInstallPlatforms on the main Trac site, please be sure to '''first read through these general instructions''' to get a good understanding of the tasks involved.
     9
     10== Short - Install a released version ==
     11For the quick install, make sure you have [http://python.org Python-2.5], [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/EasyInstall#installing-easy-install easy_install] and SQlite-3.3.4 installed (or above).
     12{{{
     13sudo easy_install Pygments
     14sudo easy_install Genshi
     15sudo easy_install Trac
     16}}}
     17
     18== Requirements - also older versions possible ==
    919
    1020To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
    1121
    12  * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.3.
     22 * [http://www.python.org/ Python], version >= 2.3
     23   * if using mod_python together with xml-related things, use python-2.5. expat is namespaced there and does not cause apache to crash any more(see [http://www.dscpl.com.au/wiki/ModPython/Articles/ExpatCausingApacheCrash here] for details).
    1324   * For RPM-based systems you might also need the `python-devel` and `python-xml` packages.
    14    * If you want to use Trac with Subversion on Windows, note that there are no precompiled Subversion bindings for Python 2.4, so you probably need Python 2.3.
    15     * 2006-09-20: This seems to be no longer true, see http://subversion.tigris.org/servlets/ProjectDocumentList?folderID=91. For subversion 1.4.0 python 2.4 binary bindings are available.
    16  * [http://www.clearsilver.net/ ClearSilver], version >= 0.9.3
    17    * With python-bindings (`./configure --with-python=/usr/bin/python`)
     25   * See instructions in ["TracOnWindows/Python2.5"]
     26 * [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.6
     27 * [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Download Genshi], version >= 0.3.6
    1828 * You also need a database system and the corresponding python drivers for it.
    19    The database can be either SQLite, PostgreSQL or MySQL ''(experimental)''.
     29   The database can be either SQLite, PostgreSQL or ''MySQL (experimental)''.
     30 * optional if some plugins require it: [http://www.clearsilver.net/ ClearSilver]
    2031
    2132=== For SQLite ===
    2233
    23  * [http://www.sqlite.org/ SQLite], version 2.8.x or 3.x (preferred)
    24  * [http://pysqlite.org/ PySQLite], version 1.x (for SQLite 2.x) or version 2.x (for SQLite 3.x). For details see [http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/PySqlite PySqlite]
    25 
    26 ''Note: Versions of Trac prior to 0.9 do '''not''' work with PySQLite 2.x.''
     34 * [http://www.sqlite.org/ SQLite], version 3.3.4 and above preferred.
     35 * If not using Python-2.5: [http://pysqlite.org/ PySQLite], version 1.x (for SQLite 2.x) or version 2.x (for SQLite 3.x), version 2.3.2 preferred. For details see PySqlite
    2736
    2837''Note: It appears that PySQLite 2.x is required for Trac 0.9+/SQLite 3.x if you plan to use the 'trac-post-commit-hook.py' script available from the 'contrib' section of the source repository.''
     
    3544 * [http://initd.org/projects/psycopg2 psycopg2] or [http://pypgsql.sourceforge.net/ pyPgSQL]
    3645
    37 ''Note: PostgreSQL support requires Trac version 0.9 or later.''
    38 
    3946=== For MySQL ===
    4047
    41 '''Warning''': MySQL support is currently experimental. That means it works for some people, but has not been tested extensively yet.
     48'''Warning''': MySQL support is currently ''still'' experimental. That means it works for some people, but several issues remain, in particular regarding the use of unicode and the key length in the repository cache. See MySqlDb for more detailed informations.
    4249
    4350 * [http://mysql.com/ MySQL], version 4.1 or later
    4451 * [http://sf.net/projects/mysql-python MySQLdb], version 1.2.1 or later
    4552
    46 ''Note: MySQL support requires Trac version 0.10 or later.''
    47 
    4853=== Optional Requirements ===
    4954
    5055==== Version Control System ====
    51  * [http://subversion.tigris.org/ Subversion], version >= 1.0. (either 1.2.3 or >= 1.3.1 recommended) and corresponding [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/svnbook-1.1/ch08s02.html#svn-ch-8-sect-2.3 Python bindings]. For troubleshooting, check [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracSubversion TracSubversion]
    52    * Trac uses the [http://www.swig.org/ SWIG] bindings included in the Subversion distribution, '''not''' [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN] (which is sometimes confused with the standard SWIG bindings).
    53    * If Subversion was already installed without the SWIG bindings, you'll need to re-`configure` Subversion and `make swig-py`, `make install-swig-py`.
    54  * Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/PluginList PluginList] and [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/VersioningSystemBackend VersioningSystemBackend].
     56
     57'''Please note:''' if using Subversion, Trac must be installed on the '''same machine'''. Remote repositories are currently not supported.
     58
     59 * [http://subversion.tigris.org/ Subversion], version >= 1.0. (versions recommended: 1.2.4, 1.3.2 or 1.4.2) and the '''''corresponding''''' Python bindings. For troubleshooting, check TracSubversion
     60   * Trac uses the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/svnbook-1.1/ch08s02.html#svn-ch-8-sect-2.3 SWIG] bindings included in the Subversion distribution, '''not''' [http://pysvn.tigris.org/ PySVN] (which is sometimes confused with the standard SWIG bindings).
     61   * If Subversion was already installed without the SWIG bindings, on Unix you'll need to re-`configure` Subversion and `make swig-py`, `make install-swig-py`.
     62   * There are [http://subversion.tigris.org/servlets/ProjectDocumentList?folderID=91 pre-compiled bindings] available for win32.
     63 * Support for other version control systems is provided via third-parties. See PluginList and VersioningSystemBackend.
    5564
    5665==== Web Server ====
     
    5968 * [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] with [http://www.modpython.org/ mod_python 3.1.3+] (see TracModPython)
    6069    * When installing mod_python the development versions of Python and Apache are required (actually the libraries and header files)
     70 * [http://httpd.apache.org/ Apache] with [http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/ mod_wsgi] (see [wiki:TracModWSGI])
     71    * While mod_wsgi is very new and somewhat experimental, this should work with Apache 1.3, 2.0 or 2.2 and promises to deliver more performance than using mod_python.
    6172
    62 For those stuck with Apache 1.3, it is also possible to get Trac 0.8.4 working with [http://www.modpython.org/ mod_python 2.7] (see [wiki:TracModPython2.7 TracModPython2.7]). This hasn't been tested with Trac 0.9, so it may or may not work.
     73For those stuck with Apache 1.3, it is also possible to get Trac working with [http://www.modpython.org/ mod_python 2.7] (see [wiki:TracModPython2.7 TracModPython2.7]). This guide hasn't been updated since 0.84, so it may or may not work.
    6374
    6475==== Other Python Utilities ====
    65  * [http://peak.telecommunity.com/DevCenter/setuptools setuptools], version >= 0.6 for using plugins (see TracPlugins)
    6676 * [http://docutils.sourceforge.net/ docutils], version >= 0.3.9 for WikiRestructuredText.
    67  * [http://silvercity.sourceforge.net/ SilverCity] and/or [http://www.gnu.org/software/enscript/enscript.html Enscript] for [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting].
     77 * [http://pygments.pocoo.org Pygments] for [wiki:TracSyntaxColoring syntax highlighting], also [http://silvercity.sourceforge.net/ SilverCity] and/or [http://gnu.org/software/enscript/enscript.html Enscript] may still be used.
    6878    * Note that !SilverCity 0.9.6 has a [http://sourceforge.net/tracker/index.php?func=detail&aid=1424436&group_id=45693&atid=443739 bug] that breaks Python syntax highlighting in Trac. Until an update is made available, we recommend using version 0.9.5.
     79 * [http://pytz.sf.net pytz] to get a complete list of time zones, otherwise Trac will fall back on a shorter list from an internal time zone implementation.
    6980
    70 '''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/MailingList MailingList] or [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/IrcChannel IrcChannel].
     81'''Attention''': The various available versions of these dependencies are not necessarily interchangable, so please pay attention to the version numbers above. If you are having trouble getting Trac to work please double-check all the dependencies before asking for help on the MailingList or IrcChannel.
    7182
    72 Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there might concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing (in particular,
    73 there are still some pages that are about Trac 0.8).
     83Please refer to the documentation of these packages to find out how they are best installed. In addition, most of the [wiki:TracInstallPlatforms platform-specific instructions] also describe the installation of the dependencies. Keep in mind however that the information there ''probably concern older versions of Trac than the one you're installing'' (there are even some pages that are still talking about Trac 0.8!).
    7484
    7585== Installing Trac ==
    7686
    77 Like most Python programs, the Trac Python package is installed by running the following command at the top of the source directory:
     87One way to install Trac is using `setuptools`.
     88With setuptools you can install Trac from the subversion repository; for example,
     89to install release version 0.11 do:
     90{{{
     91easy_install http://svn.edgewall.com/repos/trac/tags/trac-0.11
     92}}}
     93
     94But of course the python-typical setup at the top of the source directory also works:
    7895{{{
    7996$ python ./setup.py install
     
    83100
    84101This will byte-compile the python source code and install it in the `site-packages` directory
    85 of your Python installation. The directories `cgi-bin`, `templates`, `htdocs`, `wiki-default` and `wiki-macros` are all copied to `$prefix/share/trac/`. `conf` and `plugins` stub directories are also created under `$prefix/share/trac/` (''since [milestone:0.10]'').
     102of your Python installation. The directories `cgi-bin`, `templates`, `htdocs`, `wiki-default` and `wiki-macros` are all copied to `$prefix/share/trac/`. `conf` and `plugins` stub directories are also created under `$prefix/share/trac/`.
     103On Linux, the default value of `$prefix` is `/usr`, so the installation will be to `/usr/share/trac`, whereas the BSDs use `/usr/local`. Other Unix or Unix-like systems might use a similar prefix or something like `/opt`, please see your system's documentation for details.
    86104
    87105The script will also install the [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] command-line tool, used to create and maintain [wiki:TracEnvironment project environments], as well as the [wiki:TracStandalone tracd] standalone server.
     
    91109To install Trac to a custom location, or find out about other advanced installation options, run:
    92110{{{
    93 $ python ./setup.py install --help
     111easy_install --help
    94112}}}
    95113
     
    98116Specifically, you might be interested in:
    99117{{{
    100 $ python ./setup.py install --prefix=/path/to/installdir
     118easy_install --prefix=/path/to/installdir
    101119}}}
    102120
     
    114132Also note that the values you specify here can be changed later by directly editing the [wiki:TracIni] configuration file.
    115133
    116 ''Note: The user account under which the web server runs will require write permissions to the environment
    117 directory and all the files inside.''
     134''Note: The user account under which the web server runs will require write permissions to the environment directory and all the files inside.  On Linux, with the web server running as user apache and group apache, enter:''
     135
     136  chown -R apache.apache /path/to/myproject
    118137
    119138
     
    130149== Running Trac on a Web Server ==
    131150
    132 Trac provides three options for connecting to a “real” web server: [wiki:TracCgi CGI], [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI] and [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either FastCGI or mod_python.
     151Trac provides three options for connecting to a “real” web server: [wiki:TracCgi CGI], [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI] and [wiki:TracModPython mod_python]. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either FastCGI or mod_python.
     152
     153If you're not afraid of running development code, you can also try running Trac on [wiki:TracModWSGI mod_wsgi]. This should deliver even better performance than mod_python, but the module is not considered stable just yet.
    133154
    134155== Configuring Authentication ==
     
    148169'' Enjoy! ''
    149170
    150 [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/TracTeam The Trac Team]
     171[wiki:TracTeam The Trac Team]
    151172
    152173----
    153 See also:  TracGuide, TracCgi, TracFastCgi, TracModPython, TracUpgrade, TracPermissions
     174See also:  TracGuide, TracCgi, TracFastCgi, TracModPython, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracUpgrade, TracPermissions